Irish Republican Brotherhood & Fenianism

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 Memorabilia from The 1916 Easter Rising, its Prelude and Aftermath.
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Fenian Brotherhood & I.R.B.
O'Donovan Rosa Funeral O'Donovan Rosa was a leading Fenian but is probably most remembered now by his death and funeral when P. Pearse made the graveside oration ending with "the fools, the fools they have left us our Fenian dead...... Ireland unfree shall never be at peace.
A look at the list of those involve below will show the propaganda importance of this occasion
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O'Donovan Rosa Funeral ommittee
   
   
The Fenian Brotherhood was initially founded in 1858 as the Irish Republican Brotherhood's American branch by John O'Mahony, James Stephens, and Michael Doheny.. Initially, O'Mahony ran operations in the USA, sending funds to Stephens and the IRB in Ireland, disagreement over O'Mahony's leadership led to the formation of two Fenian Brotherhoods in 1865. The U.S. chapter of the movement was also sometimes referred to as the IRB. After the failed invasion of Canada, it was replaced by Clan na Gael
   

Fenian Bonds issued by John O'Mahony

   
5 Dollar Fenian Bond
   
Ten Dollar Fenian Bond
   
20 Dollar Fenian Bond
   
Fenian Carte de visite
Three CDV's, circa 1870, of members and leaders of the Fenian Brotherhood, whose members opposed a British presence or rule in Ireland. They wanted Irish independence. Originally, the title of the organization was the Irish Republican Brotherhood, founded in 1858, and they became known as the Fenians. The term derived from the name of its twin organization in , the Fenian Brotherhood.
   

Fenian Carte de visite George Francis Train

George Francis Train (1829-1904) was an eccentric businessman who even attempted at one point to buy Ireland for the Fenians. He was also likely the inspiration for Phileas Fogg in Jules Verne's "Around the World in Eighty Days". He was a staunch supporter of the Fenians and was arrested by British police in Ireland in 1868 for carrying pro-Fenian literature
   
Fenian Carte de visite Stephen Joseph Meany

Stephen Joseph Meany (1825-1888) was a poet, journalist, and Nationalist. He immigrated to the US after serving a prison term in England for obtaining goods under false pretences. He became an American citizen, worked as a journalist in the US, and joined the Fenians. When he visited England in 1866, he was arrested and convicted of treason. He was sent to Millbank Prison (see inscription on back of to await sentencing to a penal colony. He was released from prison in 1868 due to intercession by American Congressmen. When he returned to the US, he renewed his connections with the Fenian movement.

   
Charles Stewart Parnell Charles Stewart Parnell (1846-1891) was a landlord and a member of Parliament who held anti-English feelings and spoke of them in public. He attracted support in Ireland and from the Fenians for these public statements. He eventually became the accepted leader of the Irish national movement during the years 1880-1882. He channelled funds from America to the Irish Parliamentary Party. He was arrested in 1881, but was released in 1882. He continued to work for land reform and Irish independence, trying to prove that Irishmen were capable of ruling themselves
 
Fenian Carte de visite Front
   
Fenian Carte de visite Back
 
From left to right top row.
of Edmund Mulrany, First Cousin of Thos. C. Luby. By Lauder Bros., 32 Westmoreland St. Dublin. Signed? “Col. Mulrany”.
CDV of James Stephens (1825-1901) in a proud stance, the head of the Fenian movement, who along with a circle of friends founded the Irish Republican Brotherhood. Signed? On back “James Stephens”. By Carjat & Compagnie, 36 Rue Lafitte, Paris. CDV of James Kelly. - Probably Colonel Kelly, who replaced James Stephens as the Head Centre of the Irish Republican Brotherhood. Signed? On back “James Kelly”.
The 3 in the bottom are of John O’Leary, one of the founders of the Irish Republican Brotherhood.
The first one is a stamp photo laid down on a calling card. Handwritten “For” and typed Mr. William Jackson Giles.
Second one is a portrait CDV of John O’Leary. By Lauder Bros. Photographers., 32 Westmoreland St. Dublin. Signed? On back “John O’Leary”. Third one is a CDV of John O’Leary in a very relaxed, casual pose. Signed? On back John O’Leary. Inscription in ink in another handwriting ‘Photographed from the life, to be had only from I. Manning, Photog. Ballinasloe”.
 
The Police Gazette,  The Police Gazette,
or Hue-and-Cry
, Dublin, Tuesday December 6, 1866. With the
Governor-General's Proclamation offering a reward of One Thousand
Pounds for the arrest of James Stephens, following his escape from
Richmond Prison in Dublin
   
   
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